6 Common Plantar Wart Removal Procedures
Foot warts are common in younger people, children and the elderly. Warts such as these are also known by the name such as verrucas and foot warts. They can develop anywhere on the foot, more often on the bottom (plantar side) of the foot.
Warts can be Solitary, meaning a singular wart develop in one place on the skin; or mosaic there is a cluster of several smaller warts growing closely together in one area. Mosaic warts and generally more challenging to treat.
Foot warts are caused by the same virus that causes warts on other areas of the body. The virus is called human papilloma virus (HPV).
Symptoms of foot warts can include:
- Hardened or thickened skin. Often a plantar wart resembles a callus because of its dense, compact tissue.
- Pain. Walking and standing can be painful. Applying any pressure, squeezing on a wart will additionally cause pain.
- Tiny black dots at the center. These frequently appear on or just under the surface of the wart. The little red dots are dried blood trapped in the capillaries which are tiny blood vessels.
Warts on the base of your foot are treatable using various removal procedures. Below I summarize each method which includes:
- Laser therapy
- Salicylic acid
- Duct tape
- Home treatment for warts
A technique that involves freezing the surface of the skin primarily. Liquid nitrogen is applied to the affected area to freeze it. Freezing the skin causes a blister to form underneath. New skin should develop under the new blister, and the wart peels off the roof of the blister.
Any side effects during treatment may include stinging, burning sensation and later possibly turn itchy. Immediately after the treated area, it will usually turn sore or swollen. You’ll find that after a days treatment the blister has formed and tenderness will start to subside. Some people the wart may return and another session will need to be followed up. Follow the guidance of your general practitioner on how to take care of your skin after cryosurgery.
This technique uses electrosurgical devices to transfer high-frequency electrical energy to human tissue using a treatment electrode. The frequency the electrode produces cause either desiccation or coagulation effects on tissue. The frequency raises the water level of cells above boiling paint causing cell membranes to rupture. This technique is used to treat many sorts of benign and malignant lesions as well as cutting tissue which also includes desiccation of wart cells.
There are different types of laser therapy some use a high-energy beam of light to burn closed blood vessels. Other therapies use a low-level laser that is non-invasive, cannot burn or harm skin and its effects are photo-biochemical rather than thermal. Treatment can take between 5 and 15 mins once or twice a week. The infected tissue dies, and the wart eventually falls off. Low-level lasers therapies are practiced to treat a wide variety of conditions in medical organizations across the world.
Both cryosurgery, electrosurgery and laser therapy need to be performed by professional physicians. In some cases, local anesthesia may additionally be administered. In some cases, these methods may cause scarring.
This is a conventional method of treatment and is readily available over the counter to treat foot warts as well as many other types of benign growths. Salicylic acid softens the abnormal skin cells and irritates the growth while dissolving the cells, helping the immune system.
The time it takes to treat with salicylic acid gels and creams usually require administering from several weeks or two to three months in some cases. The procedure often includes using a pumice stone to lightly rub off dead skin cells and soaking the foot in water for five mins to soften the skin before applying the salicylic acid gell. Doing this helps the gel penetrate the skin. It is also recommended not to use or share the pumice stone on other parts of your body to avoid spreading the virus, especially with other people. Salicylic acid can aggravate or scar healthy skin as well if it not applied correctly. Do seek advice from your physician.
Unlike other methods, duct tape covers the wart preventing the virus from spreading further because it prevents the wart from contacting other parts of your body. Duct tape is used because it is an excellent inhibitor to prevent the wart from spreading. The tape is composed of three layers. The first is a strong but flexible plastic layer (polyethelyne). The middle layer is a fabric mesh layer which enforces strength and flexibility. The bottom layer is a rubber-based adhesive. It may take several weeks with this method to remove the wart.
Home treatment for warts
There are numerous types of natural foot wart treatment from readily available ingredients found in found items such as vinegar and garlic that have properties to help remove warts. A lot of people will try these first before seeking medical help.